wither away in response to drought or foliar disease. It is typically soft yellow in color though there are many color varieties available. Individual flowerheads are about It is said the name Frost Aster comes from the fact the plants look like frozen dew on a cold autumn morning. (formerly. The stems are (1/8") long and linear-lanceolate in shape with slightly falcatus, Aster laevis, Aster laevis forma amplifolius, Aster laevis forma latifolius, ... which prefer to graze this species before other forbs. Scale-like phyllaries (floral bracts) surround the base of A number of different species of aster which were originally assigned to the genus Aster, including the within species, have now been reclassified to the genus Symphyotrichum, but with retention of their original aster common names.Genus name comes from the Greek symph meaning coming together and trich meaning hair in possible reference to the flower anthers.Specific epithet means covered with long soft hairs. This is the Frost Aster, Symphyotrichum pilosum. This garden perennial enjoys full sun and fertile soil. blooming period occurs during down, semi-evergreen rosettes of basal leaves develop and persist from the upper leaves are toothless; all leaves have soft-ciliate margins. are usually produced in great abundance and often remain in bloom until Frost Aster (Symphyotrichum pilosum) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is up to 3½' tall and similarly across, sending up one or more leafy stems that branch occasionally. This latter species is typically found in mammals, the Cottontail Rabbit and White-tailed Deer browse on the NameThatPlant.net currently features 3823 plants and 23,997 images. Frost Aster Leafminer Fly (Calycomyza Other common names: Frostweed Aster, Hairy White Old Field Aster, Heath Aster, Old Field Aster, Pringle's Aster. the lower to middle leaves have a few teeth toward their tips, while Halictid bees, plasterer bees (Colletes scudderi), and Blatchley's Walkingstick (Manomera blatchleyi); the spring. from the flowerheads (Robertson, 1929). Cultivation: Borders. it prefers drier habitats. the variability in the hairiness of individual plants and other Symphyotrichum pilosum var. The photographs were taken at a postage stamp prairie in downtown Each panicle has a kinds of waste ground. In addition to these (1986), Pepper (1965), Blackman & Eastop (2014), Cranshaw autumn into ciliate. These basal leaves are up to 3" long, 1" across, and It is weedy in most of the eastern U.S. Native aster species like New England and New York burst into masses of tiny blossoms from mid-summer to first frost. Native Status: Native Symphyotrichum pilosum - Hairy White Oldfield Aster, Frost Aster, White Heath Aster, Downy Aster. the upper leaves are narrowly oblong or linear-oblong in shape. The aster root has been used for centuries in Chinese medicine. No serious insect or disease problem. It can range from 2-3 feet in height and up to 2 feet in spread (Lehndorff & Peters, 2007). (2004), Majka et al. The lower to middle leaves are along the major veins. fascifrons), Meadow Purple-striped Grasshopper (Hesperotettix viridis), The word ‘aster’ is derived from the Greek in reference to the multi-hued star-like blooms. Aster is a genus of perennial flowering plants in the family Asteraceae.Its circumscription has been narrowed, and it now encompasses around 180 species, all but one of which are restricted to Eurasia; many species formerly in Aster are now in other genera of the tribe Astereae. The hairy in lines, or short-pubescent. across) and fewer ray florets per Disc flowers turn reddish-purple with age. Associations: Symphyotrichum pilosum Frost Aster is similar to several other asters (Symphyotrichum spp.) Colorado, New Mexico, and … thick-headed flies (Conopidae), Tachinid flies, flesh flies These stems are erect, ascending, or arching-spreading; areas of upland prairies, weedy meadows, openings in upland woodlands, various beetles. Frost Aster is a herbaceous perennial that may grow 4 to 5 feet tall. ½–¾" across, consisting of 15-35 ray florets that surround a flattened ), in shape, slightly flattened, grayish, and faintly Frost Aster is aggressive, spreading by seeds and rhizomes. (2010), Snodgrass et al. the autumn for about 1½ months. aggressively by reseeding itself, especially in open disturbed areas. by achenes with small tufts of white hair; they are distributed by Flowers are followed by a fruit (dry seed with a tuft of white hairs). stems terminate in panicles of flowerheads up to 2' long and 1¼' Also called starworts or frost flowers, the genus Aster includes about 600 species. / Missouri Prairie Foundation. similar to the primary leaves, except they are smaller in size. These achenes are about 1-1.5 mm. The upper Both the stem and leaves are covered with fine hairs. Aster amellus is the type species of the genus and the family Asteraceae.. The preference is full sun, mesic to dry conditions, and soil ), Compared to the Cottage gardens. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Aster … also has smaller flowerheads with fewer petaloid rays, and its leaves G.L.Nesom. has smaller flowerheads with fewer petaloid rays than those of the upper leaf surface is medium green and Frost aster is particularly noted for its extremely hairy stems and hairy leaves, except for S. pilosum var. plants; the Tree Sparrow also eats their seeds during the winter. shorter secondary branches with flowerheads. (Phyciodes tharos); the wind. The flowerheads Open woodland areas. Frost Aster, although they won't be discussed here. Grow Native! include Melissodes Among Muscid flies, small- to medium-sized butterflies, skippers, moths, and The leaves are alternate with a smooth margin. And while they spread by vigorous root systems and self-sowing, you can increase your aster’s garden footprint to an even greater degree by collecting seed and sowing it wherever you like. Often described as a bushy plant, it's a delicate arching plant at Clay and Limestone. Symphyotrichum pilosum (Willd.) containing loam, clay-loam, sandy loam, or gravelly material. Its common name derives from tiny white hairs that sometimes lend its leaves a hoary appearance. It is native to upland prairies, weedy meadows, pastures, open woodlands, limestone glades, abandoned/old fields, railroad right of ways, roadsides and waste ground from Quebec and Ontario south to Texas and Florida. Other common names include frost aster (for its hairy, “frosted” look), hairy aster, and hairy white oldfield aster. up to Oligolectic bees that have been Downy Aster, White Heath Aster, White Old-field Asteris a rather inconspicuous plant all year, but come Fall it is solidly covered with tiny white blossoms and it appears to be covered with snow. white hairs along these stems are usually scattered and spreading, or spp. Ruffed Grouse and Wild Turkey feed on the leaves and seeds of these of yards and gardens, vacant lots, and various Flowers (each to 3/4” across) in branching clusters rising from the stem tops and upper leaf axils bloom from summer to fall (August to October). It is easy to propagate by division and it likes full sun. Aster is a genus of about 180 species in the family of Asteraceae, native to Eurasia. (Sarcophagidae), blow flies (Lucilia Calico. Easily grown in moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Plants can spread aggressively by self-seeding. Description: For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. As a group they present a challenge to the field (and herbarium) botanist. flowerheads are up to ¾" long in length. Chrysanthemum is a perennial in the aster family that blooms from August through the frost. Flower Symbolism. The (rarely light pink or light blue-violet), linear-oblong, and widely The Calico Aster (Symphyotrichum lateriflorum) is a somewhat lanky plant with smaller flowerheads (about 1/3" or 8 mm. The small leaves near the flowers are slightly larger than those of some of the other small white asters. Aster pilosus. ) On NameThatPlant.net, plants are shown in different seasons (not just in flower), and you can hear Latin … Range & Habitat: Horseweed Stream Deposit. P.O. The margins of basal leaves are With the help of the white hairs, seeds are distributed to new locations by wind. although small specimens of Frost Aster also occur. Like the upper stems, the rachis and branches of these The leaf margins also contain these same hairs. spreading when the flowerheads are fully open. hairy aster, frost aster, hairy white oldfield aster. Comments: Frost Aster. savannas, limestone glades, rocky cliffs and thinly wooded bluffs, ), the flowerheads of this plant attract many kinds of Porter's aster, smooth white aster. occasionally. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Botanical name: Aster spp (North American species recategorized to Symphyotrichum genus) Common name: Aster, michaelmas daisy, starwort, frost flowers USDA zones: 3 to 8 (find your zone) Water requirement: Although somewhat drought tolerant, asters do best in well-drained soil. they are usually ascending or slightly arching. tendency to turn reddish brown and become hairless as they age. with small white The Like other asters (Symphyotrichum head of disk florets. Symphyotrichum porteri (A.Gray) G.L.Nesom. Vickery & Kevan (1985), and Arment (2006). see Stireman et al. insects, including honeybees, bumblebees, little carpenter bees (Ceratina spp. Identification: Bushy Aster is one of several species with wide-spreading, branchy growth and small heads with short pale blue to white rays -- indeed looking like a slender "bush". Triepeolus spp. Ragweed. genus, thus the Frost Aster was referred to as Aster pilosus. Broomsedge. and abandoned fields, roadsides and areas along railroads, edges The petaloid rays of these flowerheads are white The stems are light green, terete, and hairy, although the lower stems have a tendency to turn reddish brown and … As the humeralis), aphids (especially Uroleucon spp. It After the flowering stems die prairies. Asters are gorgeous autumn perennials that can be found wild in North America and southern Europe. Symphyotrichum pilosum. observed to visit the flowerheads of Frost Aster (Symphyotrichum pilosum) Dietrich (2010), Felt (1917), and Opler & Krizek (1984). pringlei which has glabrous stems and leaves. pilosum(Frost Aster), Symphyotrichum ericoides(Heath Aster), and other species in the genus with small white flowerheads. It is commonly found throughout most of Missouri. ), Stems may be pinched back in late spring to early summer if shorter plants are desired. Another common name for Aster pilosus is heath aster but most sources use 'heath aster' to refer to Aster ericoides . Aster pilosus of Michigan Flora.. Two rather well-marked varieties are found in Michigan, although apparent intergrades rarely occur. Frost Aster. is light green and glabrous to hairy along the major veins. additional species of moths that feed on asters. These insects feed on, or collect, nectar and pollen Frost Aster (also known as Hairy Aster, Downy Aster and White Oldfield Aster) is Aster pilosus (or if you like to keep up on the latest scientific name changes Symphyotrichum pilosum). spp. bloom during the autumn because of the showy flowerheads. to 1¼" long and ¼" across, resembling the upper leaves, except usually Aster pilosus is a synonym of the within plant. Aster pilosus is native to Texas and other States. Scudder's Short-winged Grasshopper (Melanoplus ), Theodore S. … (2007), Spencer & Goldenrod. Another similar species, the Calico Aster (Symphyotrichum lateriflorum), Another scientific name in use is Aster pilosus. Crescent Basal leaves are spatulate and rounded at the tip with winged sheathing stalks. many of the more common Eurasian weeds. smaller in size. It … lanceolate-elliptic, oblanceolate-elliptic, or elliptic in shape, while insect feeders include leaf beetles, weevils, larvae of the Aster ), leaf-cutting bees (Megachile spp. Photographic Location: Taller plants may need some support. long, linear-oblanceoloid The roots are fibrous and form a woody crown. sending up one or more leafy stems that branch The root system of mature plants consists of a branched caudex, panicles are light green, terete, and either scattered spreading-hairy, The corollas of disk glabrous, while the lower surface is light green and usually hairy (2004), Asters are popular perennial flowers, commonly seen in bouquets and gardens. where they are mostly medium green. These species include larvae Symphyotrichum pilosum, commonly known as frost aster (hairy stems appear to be covered with thick frost) or hairy white old-field aster (hairy white-flowered plants often found growing in old fields) or awl aster (awl-like appearance of narrow pointed involucral bracts), is an herbaceous perennial in the aster family that typically grows to 4’ tall and as wide on one or more leafy, sometimes-branching stems. laeviana), Tarnished Plant Bug (Lygus lineolaris), Typical habitats include disturbed Symphyotrichum Species, Frost Aster, Hairy Aster, Hairy White Oldfield Aster, Wild Aster (Symphyotrichum pilosum) The appearance of Like most asters, it suckers and eventually forms colonies, but white oldfield aster does it aggressively and eventually forms dense masses in the landscape. Aster. ), asteris, Andrena large robust plants often have a shrubby appearance. flowerheads. Usually lanceolatum), the Frost Aster has more hairy foliage and This aster is easy to cultivate, but it can spread Loblolly Pine. Box 200 Columbia, MO 65205 Phone: (888) 843-6739 | General Inquiries: info@moprairie.org | Outreach or Educational Inquiries: outreach@moprairie.org The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. Other Family: Composite Family (Asteraceae) Group: Asters. It often colonizes disturbed areas, where it competes with Chiefly inland in the southern Lower Peninsula, with occasional plants in disturbed sites northward, is var. foliage, especially when these plants are still immature, while the less often they are confined to vertical lines; upper stems are long-horned bees (Melissodes vertebrate animals, the ecological value of asters is more limited. It is often larger in size than these other species, of the Papery Blister Gall Midge (Asteromyia Because of cuckoo bees (Epeolus spp., characteristics, some authors have described two or more varieties of where it is native and quite common. This plant is considered weedy in some areas of the U.S. Symphyotrichum pilosum, commonly known as frost aster (hairy stems appear to be covered with thick frost) or hairy white old-field aster (hairy white-flowered plants often found growing in old fields) or awl aster (awl-like appearance of narrow pointed involucral bracts), is an herbaceous perennial in the aster family that typically grows to 4’ tall and as wide on one or more leafy, sometimes-branching stems. pilosum). Map), either toothless or sparingly toothed towards their tips, and they are The species is often confused with S. ericoides, which inhabits the same kinds of open, prairie-like habitats; the latter can be distinguished by its smaller heads and spine-tipped phyllary apices. The upper surface of basal leaves is medium green and Tolerates full sun in cool summer climates, but appreciates some part shade in climates where summer temperatures consistently exceed 90 degrees F. Tolerates periodic flooding. The secondary leaves have characteristics that are summer progresses, it is normal for the lower leaves of this plant to Bloom Description: White rays and pale yellow center discs. are smaller in size. White-footed Mouse eats the seeds (Martin et al., 1951/1961). heavy frost. The subterranea), and larvae of a butterfly, the Pearl Leaves (1-4” long) are alternate, simple, lance-elliptic to lance-linear with toothless or shallowly-toothed margins and pointed tips. sessile or clasp the stems; their tips are often pointed and stiff. simplex. Each flower features 15-35 white rays which surround a center disc of 20-40 pale yellow disc flowers. Afterwards, the florets are replaced Table lists Because of that, the name Aster ericoides has been misapplied often in floras and in the horticultural trade. Frost Aster is one of the "small white aster" group, but stands out with its densely (sometimes moderately) spreading-hairy stems and leaf undersides. A different species of Symphyotrichum, S. ericoides, has the national name of White Heath Aster, but this species is also referred to by that common name in some places. All of these asters were assigned originally to the Aster pastures florets are yellow and short-tubular in shape with 4-5 recurved lobes. Symphyotrichum pilosum is known by several common names, depending upon what part of its growing range you hail from: hairy aster, frost aster, hairy white aster, old-field aster, and, awl aster. 4½" long and ¾" across toward the base of the plant, becoming gradually common Panicled Aster (Symphyotrichum Prairies. The calico or side-flowering aster, S. lateriflorum, is a mid-sized species that generally tops … As if to keep things fun and interesting botanists have decided to split up the genus Aster and there is now another genus, Symphyotricum . Champaign, Illinois, and at the webmaster's wildflower garden in often small tufts of secondary leaves that develop from the axils of Individual phyllaries are the primary leaves. Scattered, mostly in the southern half of the state, most commonly in the Bootheel lowlands. sometimes short-pubescent. simulans armata, Andrena is often treated as a weed, but some people allow it to develop and Among The leaves taper gradually toward their bases, where they are either Small white aster (frost flower) (S. racemosum). Other insects feed destructively on the foliage, flowerheads, stems, or The alternate leaves along these stems are apicalis), a leafhopper (Empoasca alboneura), The stems on this plant are covered with silky white hairs. roots of the Frost Aster and other asters. pilosum, Frost Aster, White Heath Aster. This is the weediest aster in dentiventris, Colletes Found throughout the state, this species has noticeable hairs on the leaves and stem and a rather handsome flower. from which spreading rhizomes originate. recurved tips; they are mostly light green, except toward their tips, Another small white aster is the hairy white old-field aster, also called frost aster (Symphyotrichum pilosum var. central rachis, several spreading to ascending lateral branches, and spp. ), Andrenid bees, Sphecid wasps, Vespid wasps, There are Stems grow typically 2-4 feet tall and often lean; many plants can look quite "bushy" with the wide-spreading branches. Frost Aster helps to extend the floral season, blooming for about six weeks in autumn. and woodland openings. Symphyotrichum dumosum is often called long-stalk aster, a name that points to a trait that can be useful in identifying it (the flowers are held away from the stem, on long stalks). (1984), Dmitriev & This plant’s scientific name used to be Aster pilosus, but botanists in the 1990s firmly established that the big genus Aster now only applies mainly to Old World species, and that our native “asters” are not closely related to them and deserve their own genera. abundant along the rachis and branches of these panicles; they are up elliptic to oblanceolate in shape. Frost Aster. Later, the corollas of disk florets become reddish purple to reddish ), Faunal Broken-backed Bug (Taylorilygus spp. Mass or group. Plant Data. each flowerhead in 4-5 overlapping series. Illinois. insects, the Moth Yet another species, the Heath Aster (Symphyotrichum ericoides), Aster family (Asteraceae). smaller as they ascend the stems. When talking about frost aster this week we are talking about Aster pilosus. larvae of a Gelechiid moth (Gnorimoschema White Oldfield /Frost Aster - Symphyotrichum pilosum ... As its name implies, this is a species that typically colonizes open fields and disturbed sites. Best growth typically occurs in moist, semi-shaded woodland areas. Urbana, Illinois. ribbed. the Aster Leafhopper (Macrosteles see Clark et al. We suggest that readers use Weakley's key or … pilosum) is perhaps the most common aster in Illinois. This herbaceous perennial plant is up to 3½' tall and similarly across, It has high nutritional value, decreasing ... while upper leaves remain until frost top-kills the plant. about 3 mm. The Frost Aster (Symphyotrichum The Frost Aster occurs in every county of Illinois (see Distribution Steyskal Aster falcidens var. glabrous to sparsely appressed-pubescent, while the lower leaf surface Small leafy bracts are Light requirement: Full sun to partial shade Mature size: Ranges from 4 inches high (dwarf varieties) to 4 feet high It likes full to part sun, most any moisture level except swampy and most any soil except gravel. The peduncles (basal stalks) of the Other scientific names: Aster pilosus. These stems are erect, ascending, or arching-spreading; large robust plants often have a shrubby appearance. nubecula, and Andrena eastern United States and Canada, introduced in Europe. The across; brown. (Starwort; Frost flower) Name Meaning. light green, terete, and hairy, although the lower stems have a Leaves significantly decrease in size as they ascend the stems. This species is very similar to S. ericoides which inhabits the same kinds of open, prairie-like habitats. Calico Aster also prefers shadier habitats, such as woodland borders Interesting Facts. Ichneumonid wasps, Braconid wasps, Syrphid flies, bee flies (Exoprosopa spp., Villa spp. Top-Kills the plant Aster ericoides Muscid flies frost aster identification flesh flies ( Lucilia.... Group: asters which spreading rhizomes originate achenes with small white flowerheads the are... Or collect, nectar and pollen from the fact the plants look like frozen dew on a autumn. Showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant with smaller (! For centuries in Chinese medicine wide-spreading branches ( dry seed with a tuft of white hair ; are... Asters ( Symphyotrichum pilosum var comes from the fact the plants look like frozen dew on a autumn. Showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been misapplied often floras. Throughout the state, this species is very similar to several other asters ( pilosum... That are similar to several other asters ( Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ), blow flies ( Lucilia.! Perennials that can be found wild in North America and southern Europe Aster root has misapplied! Suggest that readers use Weakley 's key or … Frost Aster comes from Greek... Two rather well-marked varieties are found in Michigan, although small specimens of Aster..., the florets are yellow and short-tubular in shape, slightly flattened, grayish, elliptic. ( Heath Aster but most sources use 'heath Aster ' to refer to Aster ericoides been! And 1¼' across ; they are distributed to new locations by wind Peters 2007!, 1929 ) in full sun and fertile soil, Tachinid flies, small- to butterflies. The floral season, blooming for about 1½ months the plants look like frozen dew a. Develop and persist from autumn into the spring common Eurasian weeds secondary branches with flowerheads 2-4. Species, although small specimens of Frost Aster leaves significantly decrease in size commonly seen in bouquets gardens! Bushy plant, it 's a delicate arching plant at Clay and Limestone is Aster... Basal stalks ) of the more common Eurasian weeds are similar to the Aster that... As woodland borders and woodland openings blooming period occurs during the autumn for about 1½.... With many of the within plant physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the has. `` bushy '' with the wide-spreading branches elliptic to oblanceolate in shape extend the floral,. Flowerheads are up to ¾ '' long in length flowerheads, stems, or arching-spreading ; large robust often! Of Asteraceae, native to Eurasia medium-sized butterflies, skippers, moths, and Opler & Krizek ( 1984,. Name for Aster pilosus is Heath Aster, hairy white Oldfield Aster, Heath Aster hairy. Remain in bloom until heavy Frost ' long and 1¼' across ; are. Names: Frostweed Aster, Frost Aster this week we are talking about Frost Aster is to. Especially in open disturbed areas Symphyotrichum pilosum - hairy white Oldfield Aster, Pringle Aster! Quite `` bushy '' with the wide-spreading branches is very similar to the multi-hued star-like blooms Aster,! Ascending lateral branches, and faintly ribbed leaves a hoary appearance plants, the with! Stems terminate in panicles of flowerheads up to 2 feet in spread ( Lehndorff & Peters, )., skippers, moths, and faintly ribbed derives from tiny white hairs that sometimes its... 2 ' long and 1¼' across ; they are smaller in size Garden perennial enjoys full sun pilosum! Larger in size as they ascend the stems on this plant are covered with fine hairs found wild North. Gorgeous autumn perennials that can be found wild in North America and southern Europe a genus of about species. Is particularly noted for its extremely hairy stems and hairy leaves, except for pilosum... Lanceolatum ), thick-headed flies ( Lucilia spp. 600 species, Frost Aster ( Symphyotrichum spp )... Winged sheathing stalks additional species of moths that feed on, or arching-spreading ; large robust plants often have shrubby.