The flowers are small, with a creamy colour but the edible raw or processed dark blue fruits have an ornamental value. It does produce fruit but the tree is dioecious meaning the tree is either male or female. Family Nyssaceae Genus Nyssa are … Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. Swamp Tupelo differs by having smaller leaves (less than 2½" long) that are more … Citrus trifoliata (Poncirus trifoliata) - Hardy lemon, Vitis labrusca Isabella - Strawberry Grape (light blue), Ficus carica Signora - Pink Fig Plant, dark, elongated fruits with red flesh, self fertile, hardy, Sand, Loam, Clay / Acidic, Neutral / Well-drained. 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N. aquatica, water tupelo, is similar to N. sylvatica but has larger leaves and fruit and a trunk that is swollen at the base. Black Tupelo could be a difficult tree to identify. It grows in swamps along the east coast and in the Deep South. WELCOME TO JURASSICPLANTS NURSERIES AND RESEARCH. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. Native Americans did not engage in the selective breeding of fruit trees as much as Europeans.  Black Tupelo is hardy to zone 3, has great fall foliage and delicious fruits, find one or plant one for a great addition to your foraging ventures. Spectacular scarlet fall color. It grows to 20–25 meters (66–82 ft) tall trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. The fruit of the black tupelo attracts many birds and wildlife. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Fruits mature to a dark blue and are attractive to birds and wildlife. Black Tupelo is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. The black tupelo is one of the first trees to start changing colors in the fall; scientists believe this early color change helps alert birds to their newly ripening fruit. These nativars are hardy, easy to care for, maintain a consistent shape and provide stunning multi … Required fields are marked *. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. Black tupelo, also called black gum tree, pepperidge tree, or simply tupelo is native to North America from New England to southern Ontario, to central Florida, eastern Texas, and Mexico. A majestic tree from North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn a stunning orange and red in the Autumn. Fruit is dark purple, thick-skinned, and dotted, in drooping clusters, each fruit about 1 inch long and widest above the middle. But really, what's not to love? There are from one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk. Notify me when this product is available: A majestic tree from North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn a stunning orange and red in the Autumn. Add that personal touch with our bespoke gift wrapping service and choose from one of our luxurious but also natural looking wrapping papers. Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. See our privacy policy for more information about ads on this site, Your email address will not be published. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species, particularly the American robin. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. Importance of Black Tupelo. The importance of plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the environment. HEIGHT: 30-50' WIDTH: 20-30' Prefers full sun to partial shade Zones: 4-9 What you are purchasing is 1 Black Gum Tupelo Tree at a. It also provides nutrition for bees in early to late spring. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Its edible, 34 inches., reddish fruit is pickled to make Ogeechee limes. Its height development ranges from twenty-five to fifty feet and its diam- eter from one to two feet. They are sometimes eaten raw, but humans tend to put them in juice, preservatives, or pies! Obovate to elliptic, entire to slightly toothed leaves (to 5" long) are dark green above and paler below. Simply select the preferred gift wrap packaging option above, then add product to Cart. FORM: Pyramidial to rounded FOLIAGE: Mid green foliage becomes orange and scarlet in autumn Black Tupelo is a regionally native tree that can reach about 30’-50’ tall and half that in spread. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… The leaves are not discriminately shaped like maple or oak, they are single lobed. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Whenever I see a large tree that has single lobed leaves I usually say “what is that?” and it reminds me that that’s what I usually say when I see a black tupelo. The names used for this tree are black gum, sourgum, yellow gum, black tupelo, cotton gum, tupelo-gum, pepperidge, swamp tupelo, swamp black gum, sour gum or tupelo. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. The botanical name of this plant is Nyssa sylvatica, and common names include sourgum and beetlebung.This medium sized tree is a member of the dogwood family. Growing to 15 m (~50 ft), it is in flower from March to May, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The flowers are pollinated by bees. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Black Tupelo is a great edible fruit tree.  This is a plant that makes me wonder what a few thousand years of selective breeding would have gotten us, the fruits are not much smaller than wild cherry fruits and cherries are obviously a common fruit today. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. 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It … Classification Larger specimens may be difficult to transplant from deep, well- drained field soil because of its deep roots and should only be transplanted from the field in the spring. THE Black Gum occurs rather commonly throughout Massachusetts, where it inhabits the borders of swamps and streams. The flowers are small, with a creamy colour but the edible raw or processed dark blue fruits have an ornamental value. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. The fruit is up to 15mm in diameter and is borne in small clusters of 2 - 3. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall.  There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime (Nyssa ogeche) and Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), This article primarily focuses on Nyssa silvatica but many points could apply to either of the other species.  Tupelo was a native American food, and the name “tupelo” comes from the native American muscogee language, meaning “swamp tree”, referring to the southern species of tupelo. The Wildfire Black Gum or Tupelo tree is a personal favorite shade tree. The fruit is the only known edible part of the tree.  The fruits are very tasty, somewhat sour but sweet enough to enjoy raw, there is no bitterness.  There is one large seed in the fruit so the fruits aren’t as fleshy as they look.  On the other hand the tree is usually loaded with fruits, and it can grow to be 80’ tall, so as fall progresses the ground gets covered in these small fruits.  You can find some good ones there on the ground or pick them off the tree if you can reach the branches.  The fruits are also often used to flavor pies, preserves, and drinks. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Similar species: Water tupelo (N. aquatica) develops a large, swollen base and the leaf margins are often irregularly toothed, the leaf tip abruptly pointed. A native to the eastern United States the Black Tupelo, also known as Black Gum, grows 30 to … A variety of the Black Tupelo is called the Swamp Black Tupelo (N. sylvatica, var. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Also notice that the tree has many little black fruits in the fall, and a brilliant reddish colored leaf when the leaves change colors. Your email address will not be published. Tupelo can be grown on any good soil and neutral pH. Gray Black Brown ... Other common names tupelo black gum tree common tupelo tree cotton gum pepperidge sour gum tree see more; Synonyms Nyssa multiflora. Your gift will of course also include full growing instructions. HEIGHT: 18.0m WIDTH: 8.0m *height & width at maturity. Glossy dark green summer leaves turn shades of red, scarlet, orange, yellow and purple—often all on the same branch! The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. 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